If you want to become a software developer or a programmer, you need to learn a language that is understandable by your computer. Such languages are called programming languages like C, C++, Python, and many others. And here, we will discuss the most debatable topic, i.e., Python vs C.
Programming can be a fun and profitable way to build your career path in various fields such as software development, data science, robotics, gaming industries, web development, etc. Many people want to learn programming languages to secure a good job in these industries. People often question which language they should choose to learn in the beginning stage. To answer your question, we have provided all the information about Python vs C that will help you to choose your idol language.
So, let’s determine the difference between C and Python and which can be the best for making your career. Learn more about 3 essential skills for career development on AttainU.
What Is The Difference Between C And Python?
Python and C have their own features according to their functionality and usage. According to the demand, we have mentioned the difference between C and Python with examples to provide you with a guide to choose from.
Python is an interpreter, a high-level, general-purpose language that is highly dynamic and gets translated into machine language using an interpreter. But C is a mid-level language that acts as a bridge between machine code and higher-level programming language.
Python Vs C Difficulty
Python language uses syntax that reads similarly to English and uses fewer symbols. So, it is considered one of the easiest languages to learn and use in various fields. And as compared to Python, C is complicated to learn as you need a steeper learning curve and requires many things to build from scratch. Additionally, several symbols are used to define the type of code before executing it to get a minimum error.
Execution: Python Vs C
The python programming language is interpreted, which means it can check the code while the program is executed through an interpreter. In contrast, the C language converts the source code into machine code by using a compiler, allowing you to execute it. Read more about features of C language on AttainU.
Python Vs C Speed
As Python is an interpreted programming language, it translates codes into machine code at the run time. This results in the overhead of garbage collection and makes the program generally slow. And talking about C, it creates a standalone executable and doesn’t have built-in garbage collection. Due to this feature, the speed of execution of any code is generally faster than Python.
Development Speed: Python Vs C
Due to the easy-to-use, simple syntax and ability of thirty-party libraries, one can easily write their program. As per convenience, python language is often used where applications need quick prototyping. C involves building simple functionality from scratch and requires lots of planning. So, it takes lots of time to develop a program for even a single task. Enroll yourself to learn python coding on AttainU.
Python is a multi-paradigm language that supports functional, imperative, object-oriented, and procedural programming. One can perform various tasks due to its flexibility in various fields. But C supports only procedural programming that limits its usage.
Syntax: Python Vs C
Python uses line breaks to determine a line of code and white space to determine a block of code. This feature makes it easy to write in the English language and can be easily differentiated. In contrast, C uses syntax in the form of semicolons to refer to the line of code and curly brackets to denote the block of codes. This makes it more difficult than Python. If you miss any symbol by mistake, the whole program becomes difficult to deal with. And the worst part is that you need to find the error manually, which becomes frustrating when you have a large number of codes.
When it comes to the difference between Python Vs C in terms of robustness, then here is the opinion. Python is a high-level language with strong memory management that is automated, and you need to focus on coding only. And this makes it a robust and easy-to-use programming language as compared to other languages. At the same time, C is less robust because you need to manage memory yourself and deal with low-level functionality.
Python has a dynamic type of variables that are recognized by the interpreter itself while writing the program and can be changed. For example, you can create your variable as a string, and later on, you can change it into an integer or other variables as per your need. In comparison, C has a static type of variables that have to be declared. This means before writing any variable, you need to set its type first, and it can’t be changed.
Debugging: Python Vs C
Python is an interpreted language that makes it easier to find a debugging error and can be resolved easily. You can launch your debugger that runs with the application and stops execution when an error is found. It suggests an exact line of code where the fault occurs and recommends correction to have efficient coding.
On the contrary, as C is a compiled language, it makes it more challenging to find the debugging errors in a program. No, errors can be tracked while writing codes, and if they are found while execution, it’s difficult to find where and why they happened.
Python comes with an extensive library of built-in functions or modules, which you can access from third-party sites. These functions can be used in all types of functionality, like saving data in SQL, connecting to the Internet, and many more. C comes with very few built-in functions as compared to Python, and all these functions are dependent on third-party libraries. Else you have to write your codes from scratch for the high-level functionality.
Python stores source code with the file extension .py, which gets converted into byte code with a file extension of .pyc before executing your program. C Uses the source code with the file extension name .c, and file extension is used in the header file containing declarations.
In Python, an assignment is a statement, and it cannot be used in an expression where C allows the inline variable assignment.
Other than basic data types like integer, float, strings, and boolean, Python also has other data types like tuples, dictionaries, sets, and many more, whereas C uses the basic data type including chart, structure, and array in addition.
Implementation of data structure in Python is easier than in C as it has many built-in types that come with built-in methods that you can insert and attach. You need to implement data structures from scratch in C, and you need to write custom methods for them.
You get the flexibility to rename the functions in the Python programming language, and one function can be known by more than one name. C language does not support renaming, and each program has its unique name.
Function Units in Python and C
The most significant functional unit in Python is an object generated that can be transferred from the python class. Where C has the largest function unit called function, and it has some limitations.
Variable Scope in Python Vs C
Variables created outside the loop can be accessed from outside in Python, but in C, variables are not accessible outside of a loop.
Application: Difference Between C And Python
Python is a more general-purpose programming language that includes high-level features. Due to this feature, it is used in a wide variety of applications, from web apps to desktop apps and more. And the most prominent feature of C is its performance and low-level functionality, which makes it the perfect language for hardware management functionality and any other necessity.
There is a huge conflict when it comes to python Vs C language. Which language does the company choose, as both of them have their own purpose?
In recent times, due to its flexibility and easy-to-use functionality in various fields, it has gained a lot of popularity in a short time.
Now, many giant-tech companies like Google, Facebook, Amazon, etc., prefer to use Python for their work. And C is very reliable for hardware, so many companies are still using C. Additionally, due to its reliability and use on a large scale, the companies like Twitch, Netflix, Github, Master Card, and Telegram are using the C language.
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Average Annual Salary of C Vs Python For Beginners
As Python is a new language and gained popularity recently, there is a shortage of Python developers. So, the average salary for Python developers goes up to $110,000 in the United States. On the other hand, C is a very old and popular language that is used in a wide range. Therefore there is lots of competition, and it is easy to find a C developer. And this makes it less demandable, and the average salary of C developers goes up to $96,000 in the United States.
If you are still confused between Python Vs C and which language you need to choose, then here we have suggestions. Type of language you choose totally depends on the type of application you want to build or the type of programming you do. If you are interested in working with hardware and the low-level system, then you need to move to C.
And if you are interested in web development, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and many more, then you need to move towards Python. Additionally, Python is easy to learn, so this makes it the perfect choice to start programming language for beginners.
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Does Python outperform C++?
Python is superior to C++ in terms of how simple it is to use. Additionally, Python is widely used in machine learning and data science and has substantial built-in library support. While C++ is significantly quicker in terms of execution performance.
Overall though, it varies on the needs; if machine learning is the goal, use Python. C++ is the best choice if system programming is the goal.
What are the drawbacks of Python?
- Python typically runs quite slowly since it runs code line by line.
- The majority of the time, Python is utilized for server-side development. Due to its propensity for being relatively slow, it is not very effective with mobile computing and browsers.
- Python is really easy to use and write, but that also means that it consumes a lot of memory, which might be problematic if you’re trying to be as efficient as possible.
- Python’s database is quite underdeveloped and difficult to interface with compared to other technologies.
- Python code must undergo extensive testing before it can be utilized effectively since runtime errors are frequent and variable data types might change at any time.